Green Eating and Food Savvy Shopping
food waste facts by a dietitian

Green Eating and Food Savvy Shopping

Go Further With Food-Just Eat It Already!

Eat your food! The moment this mantra screams in my head, I picture Napoleon Dynamite Tossing a healthy portion of slop at his defiant llama Tina. For those of you who haven’t seen this gem of a film, my apologies. Spoiler alert- Tina doesn’t eat it. Napoleon is left lacking in success at his only chore and thoroughly agitated. Alright, all jokes aside I know Tina is a llama, and Napoleon dynamite is a film rooted in sarcastic charisma. But at times I feel all too much like the defiant Tina turning up my nose to the plate. As we explore how to go further with food and examine food waste facts, we can see this is just one contributor to the waste epidemic.

onions for sale
imperfect produce may get left behind
food waste fact most produce is wasted
food waste fact most produce is discarded!

Why I Buy Garbage

Imagine this. I am in the grocery store, selecting the prettiest package of celery nature could muster. Subconsciously I know that there’s a 90% chance a least half the tribe is hitting the rubbish bin at the end of its short lived life-span. Why? Because I kind of like celery. So does my daughter. But neither of us enjoy it enough to munch on it regularly through the week and I haven’t planned out a dinner to incorporate it before hitting the grocery store. Thus as It flies through the air and into my cart it’s now become the prime time candidate for becoming garbage even before it even hits my refrigerator.

Keep Food Out of the Garbage With a Plan

If celery is lucky, maybe I’ll slap some peanut butter on a few stalks during its prime time. My daughter may get bored, rummage through the fridge and realize it exists contributing to the consumption of a few more stalks.  However, although I love most veggies the reason this particular one is doomed to food waste from the start is because I love other veggies MORE than little old celery. EVERY time poor celery is sitting in there next to bell pepper sticks with hummus it’s going to get the stink eye.

It’s not that celery is BAD. It’s just not as GOOD as my favorites like bell pepper and it came into the fortress without a plan. Now had I walked into the grocery and thought “DUDE! Celery, pot pie party tomorrow and you’re part of it!” I then could have grabbed its counterparts for the meal, and celery might have stood a fighting chance. However, celery chilling in the veggie crisper hanging out next to bell pepper; Tina’s not taking the bait.  

Struggling with ideas of how to make those veggies you deem just okay A little more exciting?  Try out some of these plant based snacking ideas

produce lining grocery store shelves
plan out produce before going to the grocery
produce on shelf
food waste facts-resources are used at every level of production

Not So Fun Food Waste Facts

Food waste is the single largest contributor to solid waste in the U.S. Despite the fact that food insecurity in America is alive and thriving, 40% of food is wasted. Food may be discarded at the plate level, manufacturer level or the retailer level. The reasons for this may be as simple as discoloration or disfigured products. Despite appearances, the taste and nutrient density of the product may be otherwise pristine.

Examining Food From Start To Finish

Every step from farm to table extends often missed opportunities to minimize food waste. Farmers may leave crops un-harvested if costs outweigh production. This can include costs of transportation and labor as well as selling points in markets. Whether the food waste stems from farmers, retailers, or the household plate-it’s a problem. Food in landfills breaks down forming the greenhouse gas methane. In a nutshell-this is bad news.

From farm to table, we are utilizing excessive resources along the way. This includes 25% of fresh water supply use and chemical uses on crops. It also includes energy utilized to maintain crops, transport foods, and support warehousing facilities. Additional environmental impacts of food waste can be found here

How Can I Go Further With Food and Change the World?

About 40% of food waste is estimated to come from household waste. About 25% of what is purchased in the American household will be wasted. This often amounts to several thousand dollars a year tossed in the trash! I don’t know about you, but that sounds like some new fancy shoes or a vacation if you ask me. Why waste it?

You can’t control the world, but you can control what you purchase, plan, prepare, and ultimately what you toss out. In fact, if you prepare food for your household, you may be a huge influence on going further with food for multiple individuals, and that is a big responsibility!

 

Hi My Name is -- and I'm a Food Waster. How Can I stop?

As an individual we can’t do much about over produced crops and high transportation costs. However, we can certainly influence with our dollar! We can be willing to purchase imperfect produce and support local growers. These things can have a dramatic impact in reducing food waste as more individuals adapt this mentality. Other things you can do to go further with food can be as simple as proper storage and care. Here are some examples of what do do with produce to preserve shelf life. 

Go Further With Food by Storing on Counter
Go further with food by storing on the counter
assorted berries sort through to go further with food
Sort through berries to go further with food

Produce That Does Not Go In The Fridge

Tomato: Keep tomatoes at room temperature. Only store cut tomato in fridge (tomato will turn mealy and lose its flavor if refrigerated.

Onion: Food waste facts often overlooked are the way foods influence one another! Store onions AWAY from other foods so those OTHER foods don’t develop an unpleasant flavor and thus become food waste. Storing onions in a cool, dark place in a mesh bag can keep onions good to go for months!

Winter Squash: keep this in a cool dark place (not the fridge).

Banana: Room temperature. Peels will turn black if left in the fridge but should still taste the same and have the same nutrient composition. Pro tip- freeze bananas that  for smoothies and baked goods!

Avocado, Kiwi, peaches, plum, nectarine: ripen on counter and then refrigerate

Keep These Items in the Fridge:

 Berries: One easy trick to preserve is to look these over as soon as you leave the grocery store. That’s it! Take out any spoiled berries.

Beans & Peas: Store in the fridge and use immediately.

Asparagus: Cut 1/4” off bottom of stalks. Store upright in a a container with a small amount of water in bottom.

Fresh herbs (parsley, cilantro, oregano, sage etc): These can also be stored in water in the fridge! Do not touch leaves with water though! Wrap in paper towel in plastic bag to go further with food. If you only need a small portion consider freezing extra in ice cube trays in oil for later use.

Broccoli & cauliflower: wash and store in fridge: I recommend cutting these up and portioning them out as soon as they come into the house. There is nothing more intimidating than your stomach growling and considering cutting up a giant head of cauliflower as fast as possible! Lack of preparation is usually why these choices end up in the garbage.

Salad greens: Keep in plastic tub if buying at the grocery store with paper towel between greens and lid to absorb moisture. This helps the product keep longer and avoids food waste.

Kale, chard, collards: remove tough stems. Cut leaves into ribbons. Store in plastic bag with damp paper towel to keep fresh.

Mushrooms: Avoid soaking in water. If using mushrooms, rinse only right before eating and do a quick rinse or light scrub.

Potato: store in a cool dry place (NOT THE FRIDGE). Potato can become unpleasantly sweet in the fridge. You can store cut potato in water the fridge (this can remove starch and help potato become crispy when you roast or fry them).

fresh green herbs in basket
fresh herbs should be stored properly
produce on shelf
choose produce with care and a plan

By Knowing Food Waste Facts You Too Can Go Further With Food!

I have included only a list of produce here but there are MANY other ways to reduce food waste. Un-fun food waste fact: Produce may be one product that receives some of the highest discard rate and thus I thought it deserved some attention. It is also the product that perishes most quickly so requires a little thought.

Food waste fact: You do have the power to reduce food waste, mostly by just eating your food!

Plan, shop, and prepare to make the greatest impact on ensuring you eat what you buy. What are some strategies you have make the most use out of the foods you purchase?

Sources:

United States Environmental Protection Agency (2017). Sustainable Management of Food Basics. Retrieved from: https://www.epa.gov/sustainable-management-food/sustainable-management-food-basics

Gunders, D. (2017). Wasted: How America is Losing Up to 40 Percent of Its Food From Farm to Fork to Landfill. National Resources Defense Council. Retrieved from https://www.nrdc.org/sites/default/files/wasted-2017-report.pd

United States Department of Agriculture. Economic Research Service (2017, October). Key Statistics and Graphics. Retrieved from: https://www.ers.usda.gov/topics/food-nutrition-assistance/food-security-in-the-us/key-statistics-graphics.aspx

©2018 Shenajaramillord.peaceandnutrition

Shena Jaramillo. Registered Dietitian
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Shena Jaramillo. Registered Dietitian

Hi I'm Shena. I believe in choosing plants first, honoring your hunger, and that a little humor goes a long way.

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